CFD calculations of NREL Phase VI rotor under wide range of operation conditions were conducted using FlowVision software. Computations were performed for various wind speeds with axial inflow, constant RPM and constant blade pitch. The rotation of the blades was modeled via different approaches; steady-state with frozen rotor using rotating reference frame and transient with moving boundaries or sliding surfaces. In addition to this, an ‘Overlapping Boundary Layer (OBL)’ was implemented to resolve the boundary layer for a selected case. Turbulence models ‘k-ε-AKN and k-ω Shear Stress Transport (SST) were used and compared. Except the OBL case, FlowVision wall function approximation was employed for all calculations with y+ values between 30 and 100.

nrel validation

Overall results were compared for all of the above-mentioned numerical approaches and showed good agreement with the experimental data. k-ω SST turbulence model is found to perform better to predict stall onset. The stall occurrence and general torque trend as a function of wind speed is fairly well captured. Comparisons of the static pressure distribution around blades with experimental data at different span-wise sections for different wind speeds are presented and good agreement is observed.

r pr round11

The FDA (U.S. Food & Drug Administration) has partnered with academia and industry the Critical Path Initiative program to create a Guidance Document for industry-wide use proper validation and use of CFD models in the assessment of medical device safety.

CFD simulations are increasingly being used to determine flow patterns and fluid forces in order to evaluate blood-contacting medical devices. It is due to its potential to calculate the values of physical parameters that may affect the level of blood damage the device may cause, such as shear stress or dwell time. Although CFD can decrease the need for expensive prototyping and laboratory testing, there are no standardized and reliable methods available for using CFD techniques in this field.

The purpose of this project is to determine the limits of the applicability of CFD techniques by comparing some parameters (such as gauge pressure or shear stresses) of the computational simulations of a blood pump in several working conditions against suitable experimental models. The different conditions included a wide range of velocity profiles at the inlet or different rotor velocities.

FlowVision moving body capability, together with the real CAD geometry import, has allowed the numerical simulation of this complex case with a relatively simple mesh. Time-dependent results during a whole revolution of the rotor have been obtained, providing consistent and more realistic data for the different scenarios. As example, variables as the pressure gauge behave cyclic with a period of a 1⁄4 of the revolution time, which is consistent with the number of blades.

r pr round3

Experiments fulfiled in CETIM have shown that tonal blade-passing-frequency (BPF) noise becomes predominant for lawn-mowers with a big rotor diameter. 2-D and 3-D CFD unsteady computations give a clear picture of pseudo-sound perturbation inside the casing of lawn-mower. Method of representation of unsteady motion of compressible fluid with subsonic flow as a sum of vortex mode (pseudo-sound) and acoustical mode (airborne sound) is used to define the sound near field.Numerical and Experimental Study of 3D Unsteady Flo

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